What is PRP Injection treatment?
PRP or Platelet Rich Plasma, is an injection into the injured tendons.
Platelets release numerous growth factors which help regenerate tissue and help in the repair of the injured tendon and muscle.
A small amount of healthy blood sample from the patient. A specialized centrifuge spins the blood sample at a high speed, which concentrates and separates a component of the blood called Platelets.
The highly concentrated platelets are then injected into the injured tendons and muscles.
Typically 1-2 injections are required (rarely more), separated by 4-6 weeks apart, depending on your injury and response.
PRP Injection is not recommended for patients with severe anaemia, low platelet count, abnormal platelet function, active systemic infection or those with an active cancer.
What conditions can be treated with PRP?
PRP is most commonly used for chronic muscle or tendon injuries that have not healed with initial treatments. PRP Injections can treat a number of conditions for the arm, shoulder, elbow, lower leg, knee, feet and hip. The followings are common conditions which can be treatet with PRP injection. Please consult with your physician for a complete listing.
- Tennis elbow
- Golfer’s elbow
- Jumper’s knee
- Achilles tendinosis
- Plantar fasciitis
- Hamstring tendons
- Adductor tendons
- Gluteal tendons
Goals of treatment
The goal of PRP injection is to help the body heal itself. PRP injections aim to stimulate the inflammatory process which in turn will encourage the healing process. PRP focuses on restoring normal tissue composition while avoiding further degeneration.
PRP can potentially accelerate muscle healing and reduce injury time. The early blood clot can be substituted by PRP with its supraphysiological concentration of growth factors which stimulates the healing process.
Platelet injections are safe since you are using your own blood components. There are no foreign substances being injected into your body.
However there is a minimal risk of an infection at the injection site, even though the treatment procedure is performed with sterile precautions. There is some risk of infection in any kind of injections.
How does PRP Injection treatment work?
PRP injection releases a large amount of growth factors at the site of injury. These platelets induce an inflammatory response to initiate healing. The platelets are able to restore tendons and ligamentous proteins as well as making firmer and more resilient cartilage.
How quickly does PRP injection treatment work?
Most patients see some improvement within 2-6 weeks. The pain becomes less and less as the weeks pass. It is important to refrain from significant physical activity for one week after the injection.
Is the treatment painful?
Patients usually tolerate the injection well. However, there can be soreness after the injection due to the PRP-induced inflammatory response. You can expect swelling and soreness during the first 48 hours post injection and if unbearable pain medication (e.g. Paracetamol) and cool compresses may help alleviate the discomfort. NSAIDs like Nurofen, Voltaren, Mobic should not be taken for 10 days prior to the procedure.